Archaeology

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Following federal, state, and local guidelines, Cogstone’s archaeologists have the experience and expertise to evaluate resources for their significance to help keep our client’s projects on schedule and in compliance. They are knowledgeable of the processes and procedures required to obtain NEPA, NHPA Section 106 and CEQA environmental approvals.

Archaeological Resources

Our qualified personnel meet or exceed the requirements of the Secretary of the Interior’s Standards and Professional Qualifications for Archaeology and Historic Preservation and are certified in all municipalities in California that maintain lists. Key personnel are listed on Cogstone’s state-wide Bureau of Land Management (BLM) permit for cultural resources work in California; can obtain ARPA permits and are accepted as principal investigators for both prehistoric and historical archaeology by the State Office of Historic Preservation. Our team of archaeologists includes Registered Professional Archaeologists (RPA) and HAZWOPER-certified personnel.

Cogstone’s osteologists are experts in the identification and analysis of the human skeleton as well as non-human (faunal) remains recovered during archaeological excavations. They have experience and expertise evaluating skeletal material in both in the lab and in the field.

What is Archaeology?

Archaeology seeks to understand cultures by analyzing the prehistoric and historic remains of human activity. Archaeological resources are more than 50 years old and include artifacts such as stone tools, a miner’s ax, ecofacts such as food animal bone and fruit pits, cooking features such as fire pits and earthen bread ovens, structural features such as house-pit floors and rock walls, rock art and ceremonial sites, trails and landscapes, and refuse deposits.

Archaeological sites may include surface or subsurface deposits or features, buried or otherwise affected by natural geomorphic processes, such as cycles of stream and river sediment deposition. Significant archaeological resources are listed on or eligible for listing on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP), state registers such as the California Register of Historical Resources (CRHR), or local registers.

To be significant, an archaeological resource must possess integrity and be 1) associated with important persons, 2) associated with important events, 3) represent distinctive characteristics or craftsmanship, or 4) can provide information important to understanding our past.

Featured Archaeology Projects