Our team of historians (archaeologists) and architectural historians are research experts who develop narratives and assess the significance of historic archaeological sites and historical built- environment. We pride ourselves on efficient and thorough archival research inspecting unobvious places.
Historical Resources and Historical Built-Environment Resources
Cogstone staff meets or exceed the Secretary of the Interior’s Standards and Guidelines for Archaeology and Historic Preservation and have extensive experience managing projects in compliance with the Archaeological and Paleontological Salvage, Antiquities Act, Sections 106 and 110 of the National Historic Preservation Act (NHPA), among others. They regularly collaborate with the State Historic Preservation Office (SHPO), historical societies and other organizations.
Our architectural historians have the experience and knowledge of federal, state, and local guidelines to evaluate built-environment resources for their significance as they are identified within our client’s project areas.
What is Ethnohistory?
A sub-discipline of Anthropology, Ethnohistory uses both historical and ethnographic data in order to understand people and their customs, usually focusing on non-Western communities such as indigenous populations. Ethno-historians use music, paintings, photography, folklore, oral histories, ecology, archaeological materials, language, and place names to provide a more in-depth understanding of a culture’s practices.
What is History?
History is a record of the past. Written documents and maps provide powerful means for understanding our past, including diverse cultures, natural and cultural events, a variety of human interactions in specific time periods, and broad historical patterns such as urbanization and consumer behavior. Libraries and archives are vital heritage links for access to historical documents and oral histories.
Historical built-environment resources (also called architectural resources) include an array of buildings and structures over 50 years old that serve as a physical connection to our past.
Significant historical sites and historical built-environment resources are listed on or are eligible for listing on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP), state registers such as the California Register of Historical Resources (CRHR), or local registers.
To be significant, sites and structures must possess integrity and be associated with 1) important persons, 2) important events, 3) represent distinctive characteristics or craftsmanship, or 4) can provide information important to understanding our past.
To be significant, sites and structures must possess integrity and be 1) associated with important persons, 2) associated with important events, 3) represent distinctive characteristics or craftsmanship, or 4) can provide information important to understanding our past.